Adoption can be an important way to grow a family or legally acknowledge an emotional relationship that exists within a family. Families curious about adoption should be familiar with the different types of adoption and what the process entails.
What are the different types of adoption?
There are several different types of adoption and which option is best can depend on the unique situation of the family and the needs of the family and the child. Different types of adoption include:
- Agency adoption: a family interested in adoption can typically work through a private or public adoption agency. These types of adoption generally are for children who are wards of the state.
- Independent adoption: an independent adoption may go directly through a birth mother or church, of example, which is why it is important that the adopting family ensures all legal requirements for the adoption are met.
- Identification adoption: identification adoption involves when a particular child has been identified by the family for adoption and then works through an adoption agency to complete the adoption.
- Stepparent adoption: stepparent adoption can be an important process for step parents and step children but requires consent of the birth parents.
Other types of adoption may also be available depending on the situation and circumstances. Families interested in the adoption process should be familiar with what it includes and can benefit from trained guidance to help navigate the process to enjoy a positive outcome. The family law system provides resources to help families address their family law-related concerns whatever they may be.